3301 Fujita Street • Torrance, CA • 90505 • 310-539-2201

Canine Influenza Virus Information

Canine Influenza Virus (CIV) is on the rise across the United States. We are taking the lead in the South Bay and requiring that all dogs be vaccinated for CIV. Read more below about this dangerous disease.
Canine influenza (CIV), or dog flu, is a highly contagious viral infection affecting dogs. Currently, two strains of canine influenza virus have been identified in the United States: H3N8 and H3N2. Canine H3N8 influenza was first identified in Florida in 2004 in racing greyhounds. Since being detected in 2004, canine H3N8 influenza has been identified in dogs in most of the U.S. Canine H3N2 influenza was first identified in the United States in March 2015 following an outbreak of respiratory illness in dogs in the Chicago area. In January of 2018, a dog in the South Bay was diagnosed with H3N2 CIV.

Canine influenza is transmitted through droplets or aerosols containing respiratory secretions from coughing, barking and sneezing. Dogs in close contact with infected dogs in places such as kennels, groomers, day care facilities and shelters are at increased risk of infection. The virus can remain viable (alive and able to infect) on surfaces for up to 48 hours, on clothing for 24 hours, and on hands for 12 hours. Depending on the strain, the incubation period is 1-8 days. Dogs are most contagious during the incubation period and shed the virus even though they are not showing clinical signs of illness. Some dogs may show no signs of illness, but may shed the virus.

Similar to tracheobronchitis (canine cough), canine influenza virus results in a runny nose, coughing, sneezing. In addition to these symptoms, canine influenza also includes lethargy, fever, and low appetite. Clinically, there seems to be two different forms of the disease: a mild form and a more severe form. With the more severe form, a secondary infection of pneumonia can develop. What sets canine influenza apart from a disease like tracheobronchitis is that canine influenza can be fatal.

As of August 1, 2018, VCA Kennel Club Resort & Spa requires all canine guests to be fully vaccinated against CIV. It is really important to note that in order for a dog to be considered fully vaccinated, he or she must be given as a series of two injections. Therefore, it is important for you to start the process now. The injections must be given 2-4 weeks apart.

We strive to make sure our environment is as safe as possible for all of our guests. Veterinarians feel there is viable threat to all dogs with CIV in the area. Being part of VCA, a large network of veterinary health professionals, we are drawing on the recommendations and expertise of thousands of doctors. We feel that having a proactive approach is the very best thing we can do for our canine guests.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.

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